What conditions are treated?
Haematology covers a range of disorders and conditions. In some cases, our paediatricians will be able to treat your child within the clinic, more complex or severe conditions may need to be referred to a team of specialists. Your consultant will be able to advise you on exactly what your child needs. Comprehensively, we look at:
- Easy bruising or bruising problems
- Bleeding problems and disorders
- Anaemia (haemolytic, aplastic)
- Recurrent infections
- Neutropenia (a low concentration of white blood cells)
- Thrombocytopenia (a low blood platelet count)
- Prothrombotic abnormalities (a disorder in blood coagulation that increase the risk of blood clots)
Abnormal bleed & bruising
Children will naturally and regularly have bruises – this comes with learning to walk, rough play, and general childhood enthusiasm. Most bruises are harmless, will go away, and are nothing to be concerned about. However, there are certain types of bruising and bleeding that can point to a more serious condition and should be checked out by a specialist.
If your child has a family history of bleeding disorders or displays any of the following symptoms then they may be suffering from a bleeding disorder and will need treatment:
- Very large and raised bruises that are out of proportion to the injury
- Unexplainable bruises on a regular basis
- Bruises that don’t fade after two weeks
- A bleeding nose that lasts more than 10 minutes (after correct treatment)
- Excessive bleeding after surgeries or dental treatments
- Bruising on babies who are not able to crawl
- Bruising in unusual places such as back, ears, or face
Anaemia refers to a condition where there are fewer red blood cells in the body than normal. This can cause moodiness, abnormal tiredness, weakness, or a pale appearance. This condition appears commonly in children and adolescents as large growth spurts can put an extra strain on blood development.
Anaemia needs to be treated as a shortage of red blood cells means the blood isn’t supplying enough nutrients and oxygen to the rest of the body. Without treatment, the lack of oxygen can put additional strain on organs and muscles and cause further complications.
Anaemia can be treated easily with lifestyle changes and vitamin supplements, but it is important that it is identified early.
If your child suffers from recurring infections, it can be a sign of an immune disorder, often coupled with a blood disorder such as a low white cell count. These infections may occur more frequently, last longer, or be harder to treat than infections in people with a properly functioning immune system.
Immunodeficiencies are often serious and can make other minor conditions worse. If your child suffers from recurrent infections, you should seek medical care as soon as possible.
In a lot of cases, blood disorders can be treated with prescription medications, vitamins, iron, and dietary and lifestyle changes. To make sure your child receives the best treatment and care plan, your consultant will want to run blood tests to be certain of their diagnosis.
In some cases, your child may be referred for further tests or more specialised care. Our staff will be able to help you make these arrangements and your doctor will discuss any diagnosis, treatment, or concerns you may have with you before any further action is taken.